Some useful Khmer words related to dining and drinking
- December 26, 2016 at 9:31 am #821
Below I will try to list some important words for those who want to explore the Khmer kitchen (which I can only recommend)
This is the general word which is used for ‘meat’
សាច់គោ (Satkoo): beef
សាច់ជ្រូក (Sattchruuk): pork meat
សាច់ត្រី (Sattrey): fish
សាច់មាន់ (Satmoan): chicken
Apart from these basic meats there are many other ones like:
ទា (Tia): duck
ងាវ (Ngiaw): a kind of small shelves/mussels
កង្កែប (Koongkaeb): frog
បង្គា (Boongkia): small shrimp
Most of the time the meat will be served with គុយទាវ (Koeytiaw) which are a kind of white spaghetti noodles, with មី (Mii) which are yellow noodles or with បាយ (Baay) which is rice.
Rice is the most important food in the Khmer kitchen, the Khmer word for ‘to eat’ is ញ៉ាំបាយ (Njam baay) or literally: to eat rice.
The general word for all kind of potatoes is ដំឡង (Domloong).
Vegetables are បន្លែ (Boonlae). The Khmer kitchen makes mainly use of local vegetables which I will list later in a separate topic. Many vegetables which are used in the Western kitchen are translated from their French equivalent or the word បារាំង (Baarang) is added which literally means ‘French’ but is generally used for ‘overseas’.
សាលាដ (Saalaad): lettuce
ការ៉ុត (Kaarot): carrot
ខ្ទឹមបារាំងស (Khtum baarang soo): white onion
ខ្ទឹមស (Khtum soo): garlic
ប៉េងប៉ោះ (Peeng poh): tomato
All these ingredients can be prepared in different ways:
ស្ងោរ (Snao(r)): boiled
ឆា (Tchhaa): stir-fried
អាំង (Ang): grilled
ចៀន (Tchian): sauteed
When your food isn’t ប្រៃ (prai) enough you’ll have to ask for អំបិល (Ombil) which is the Khmer word for salt.
Black pepper is ម្រេច (mreet(ch)), Chili pepper is ម្ទេស (mtee(s)).
And when your food isn’t ផ្អែម (Pe-aem) enough you will have to ask for ស្ករ (Skoo).
Hungry is ឃ្លាន (Khlian) and thirsty is ស្រេក (Sreek)
And last but not least: when your Khmer friends order លឹង្គគោឆាអង្ក្រង (Lung koo tchhaa ongkroong) … Ask them and find out yourself!
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